It is not too difficult to build a solar panel at home and if you have the right ingredients and know how to join the wires it is a simple enough task for any one. You can try making them on a small scale first and then go on to a larger scale to electrify your whole home. It is not only a clean energy but also helps to save other non renewable energy resources. Here are a few steps to build your own solar panel at home:
1. Get solar cells –
this is the most important thing for building your own solar panel. You can get various types of solar cells in the market or online but it best to get good quality ones or else bad quality ones may break and make all your efforts go to vain. After getting them dip them in boiling hot water to wash away the wax they come dipped in during shipment. If you want a specific size solar cell then mention them early although we will use the 3”X6” solar cells. You can also get solar cells with tabbing wire which are available in the market.
2. Get all the tools ready to start –
you need to get a soldering iron, solder, solder flux, a saw, wooden board and glasses to protect your eyes while soldering, along with a multimeter to measure voltage, bus wire, glue, screws etc.
3. Use the wooden board as the base and link cells –
if you already have cells with soldered wires then place them carefully on the wooden board and solder them to each other. They should be in series of 4, 6 or 8. Now link the cells in series with positive of one is connected to the negative of the next. Keep doing this until you reach the required volts. Now use the sticking material to stick the cells to the board carefully without pressing too hard. You also need to drill the board so that the wires can pass through them easily. Now make connection buses all along the positive and the negative lead and then connect those buses in parallel meaning you have to connect the plus to plus, minus to minus, to have a parallel connection and increase the power.
4. Check if it working –
your cells must generate 108 watts at 12 volts which the ammeter must show. Now the very last step is to connect this panel to batteries and then to an inverter. The batteries don’t have to be new, and they can be of any type, but it’s best you buy good ones or else all efforts could go in vain.
Now that your solar panel is ready, you can use the electricity generated for any use and have a great time showing others how you built this by yourself. It is not too difficult to make by oneself if you understand and follow the instructions carefully. Thus, if your friend is making one or is thinking of making one you can help him too.