Solar panels are slowly becoming popular, and they can help you save electricity bills no doubt. Buying them would cost you thousands of dollars but making them on your own would be cheaper, and it would also be a great experience. It is not very difficult to build your own solar panel, but you need to get your things ready first. The things that you need are:
1. You need some 3×6 solar cells with tabbing wire which are available on any online stores.
2. Some Optix Acrylic sheet instead of glass, wood or epoxy resins of 32x44inch and cut it in 4 where one should measure 16×8, while the other 16×12.
3. Other accessories include silicon sealant, a few small 3/8″ tile spacers, wires and most importantly some rubber electrical tape.
the first step involves tabbing the solar cells and joining them in 4 or 6 or 8 of them in a row. After that use the bus wire to solder the ends, while placing 2 connecting wires together.
the next step is to encase the cells. You can do that by putting the clean cells in the middle of the cut Optix acrylic sheet. Then place a small amount of silicon at the centre of the cells and turn them on the other side and apply a little bit of pressure while attaching them to the acrylic sheet at the base. Do not press too hard or they may break.
With the help of silicon, fix the cells to the Acrylic sheet, put the 3/8″ tile spacers and use some more silicon to the upper sheet to stick over the cells. After drying, you can test your cells to see if they produce 2V each and 3A of current.
You check if your cells are producing current or not by connecting them positive to negative in series and then the positive of the panel to the positive of the battery and do the same with the negative. One important thing that you should always keep in mind is that the battery voltage should not cross 7.2-7.5V, because it might destroy your cells badly. You can also cover all the edges of the solar panel with regular electrical insulation tape for protection.
Now you can mount them anywhere and use it for your trial purpose. You can even show it to your friends and take their help to construct a bigger panel which can produce enough power to run the whole house. Thus this alternate source of energy is becoming quite famous nowadays and more people are interested in installing them. This was a simple example of how to build a solar panel at home without too many risks and be successful. If you think you can make it on a bigger scale, you can try it. But always keep in mind that it is best to build it with quality products or else all the hard work will go in vain. Use these steps and make your solar panel today.